Typically, if you want to shape your tree into a particular style, the tying and pruning should be done in the fall. This will enable the shape to be firm, as fruits won’t be produced at that instant. All of the diverse shapes are useful for certain cases. Here are some various types of shapes you can make a pick from:
Standard trees rarely require any explanation. These diverse forms are the most conventional and are about the first things that come to your mind when you think of a tree. No designated shaping is needed to obtain this shape. Just allow it and prune it the usual way, and except you’re having weird kind of tree, then it definitely will end up as a standard tree.
It is realistic to transform a standard tree into a bush tree via pruning. The branches assume the same form; however, the stem or trunk of the tree is obviously reduced in length. This can be good news if you desire to grow trees, but don’t want to obstruct the view. For instance, if you have a home in the Hollywood Hills that offers a view of the Los Angeles area, all the way to the Pacific Ocean. I never wanted to end this beautiful sight, so I had to grow my trees up as bush trees.
There’s a type of tree that may sound strange to you, and it’s called the Cordon, made up of a single stem and no branches. It is planted at an angle that makes it arch up above the soil. As it grows, all of its branches are cut off. These are profitable because they consume very little spaces and more can be incorporated into a fixed square footage. The only downside of this is that the fruit production is reduced drastically per tree.
Trees called Espalier grow as a single vertical stem in the middle, and many horizontal branches along each side. This gives room for lengthy rows of trees, while still producing an army of fruits. If you run an orchard, this shape might come in handy to fit a possible number of trees into the space you have.
Fan trees make use of similar theory as espalier trees. But the shape is characterized by a little difference. The same central vertical stem is used, but the branches are not linked horizontally: they grow along with the same style as a standard tree, just that they come in two dimensions as against the three dimensions. They are likewise used to save space and are utilized as an alternative to espalier trees for certain type of trees which are excellent with sloped branches.
Another kind of espalier is known as the step-over espalier. They look like the usual espalier but have just a single horizontal branch lying close to the soil. They are an interesting lot because they still come up with tasty fruit whilst providing a border for whatever you so desire. Step-over trees have been used to wall my garden. They are certainly favorites when it comes to shapes of trees, mainly because they assume the form of walls that bear fruits. Can’t help but love them.
In conclusion, each of these shapes of trees comes with their own advantages and disadvantages as well. If any of them looks like a good fit for your garden, your neighborhood nursery employee might be able to offer you some tips on reading materials that can help you achieve your goals. More often than not, getting the tree into a preferred shape is not that big of a task, provided you have some guidelines when getting started.